Inspired by the UAE cultural landscape and the mosque traditional elements, the proposal seeks to fuse tradition with technology to transform the the site into an open public park, and the mosque into an iconic building fore-sighting Dubai futuristic image.
Sea shells have always been part of the UAE cultural landscape as they shape the coastal line. The proposal introduces a combination of shells of different sizes and placements that have migrated from the creek harbour to transform the site into an open park.
The mosque body consists of four shells: three shells form the prayers halls, and a fourth one is forming the Sahn. The Sahn shell has been flipped upside down and pushed into the site sand to form an open inviting space for prayers and visitors alike. As it intersects with the three prayers halls shells, the point of their intersection became the main lobby of the mosque. It is designed as a tent like structure that connects the four shells, and proposes three points of entry into the mosque foyer. Additional smaller shells of different directions have been composed for the complimentary buildings such as Ablution spaces and the Imam residence.
Placement of the shells on the site has been based on the qibla direction. The main shell axis has been aligned with the qibla direction to function as the main praying hall. On the same axis, the flipped Sahn shell has been placed to function as an open praying space during the winter season. Two additional praying shells, one for men and the other for women, have been placed on each side of the main praying hall. This configuration divides the required praying capacity of 7,500 pax into three shells. Whilst giving women prayers an equal right to men prayers, it allows the mosque to use different shells that would accommodate the varying number of prayers throughout the year. Additionally, by breaking the mass of the building, the proposal departs from the use of one big shell that would have dominated the site.
// Urban Considerations
On an urban level, the proposal transforms the site into a social bridge connecting the main Dubai creek tower plaza with the creek harbour. The placement of the shells allows a walking path for visitors that connects both ends of the site. It also proposes open public spaces for visitors where they can meet and use the site between the praying times. This treatment has transformed the site into on open park, a meeting place for people, and a bridge connecting the main creek tower plaza with the harbour.
Two entries have been proposed from the Tower side. The main entry has been placed in the middle of the boundary facing the tower, and a women side entry close to the site right boundary. People entering through the main entry will be directed by the landscape treatments towards the Sahn, and to the main entry of the mosque. Meanwhile, women entry directs women to their ablution space, then to their side entry that leads to their praying hall. This treatment assures privacy for each gender, without assuming total separation between them.
// Environmental Sustainable Considerations
The proposal has been developed using sustainable measures to reduce solar exposure during the hottest period, and to facilitate passive cross ventilation. It also proposes an earthy sustainable materials of terra-cotta for the outer skin of the shells.
Each shell is made out of two skins: a transparent glass skin internally, and a perforated terra-cotta skin externally. The space between these skins has been paramatically varied in width based on the orientation. Solar analysis of the hottest time of the year has been used to drive the width of the space to minimize the amount of sun glare inside. The areas that are exposed to more radiation have bigger depth, while the areas with less radiation have smaller depth. This way, the external skin prevents the direct exposure of the internal skin to to the sun radiation, and therefore it reduces the reliance on the prevailing air-conditioning system.
External perforated skin is to be constructed using 3d printed terra-cotta tiles. A network of small water pipes are designed to run through these tiles with built-in sprinkler system. In the hot period, the sprinkler system will create moisture on these tiles. As the wind blows throw the tiles, it will create a process of passive evaporative cooling system. Additionally, the internal glass skin panels can slide up to facilitate cross ventilation throughout the shell space, and allowing prayers to use the space as a semi-open shell during the good weather season. As a result, the shell can be used as a closed air-coinditioned shell during the hot season, and as a semi-open shaded with passive evaporative cooling during the good months.
// Transformation, from tradition to future
After a thorough research on the traditional elements of the mosque, the design proposes new means of incorporating these elements into the new form. Preserving their traditional function, these elements claim new identity as they connect the past with the future.
Traditionally the Sahn is a courtyard in Islamic architecture. Most traditional mosques have a large central sahn that is surrounded by a riwaq or arcade on all sides. Its is used for mass prayer during major prayer occasions.
In the new proposal, this space has been provided in the form of a flipped shell that defines the boundary of the Sahn, and it is aligned with the main praying hall as an outdoor praying space.
A prominent feature in Islamic mosque architecture. A transitional space from the Outdoor to the Indoor of the mosque, it is very distinguished by it’s tranquil orchestra of light and shadow.
The new Rewaq has been proposed in the form of a differentiated width space between the outer and the inner skin of each shell. This shaded space creates a buffer zone between the outside and the inside. Also, it can be used as an extension to the indoor praying space of each shell, especially in the winter season when they open the glass panels of the inner walls.
a slender tower that rises higher than the mosque enough to be seen. It is also equiped with speakers to announce the sound of the ad’an.
The new minaret became an elongated slice of a shell standing as a sculptural form on the western side of the side. Light emitting from its center makes it glow like a beacon visible from the harbour side.
4- Skin Pattern
Traditional Islamic pattern is made out of a repetition of an identical component, thus creating a static pattern.
The proposal introduces paramatically differentiated pattern on the external skin. As the sun changes its angle, these perforations create animated shadows on the inner glass skin. The shadows density and scale vary throughout the different times of the day. They also eliminate the direct radiation on the inner skin, and create a shaded tranquil space in the riwaq..
Location : Dubai Creek Harbour, Dubai, UAE
Services : Competition
Status : On Hold
Type : Mosque
Project’s team: Zayad Motlib, Marta Krivosheek, Abdullah Tahseen, Karim Khayati
The proposed design intends to provide a conceptual framework to organize the marsh communities of Southern Iraq into a modern and an economically viable entity while addressing most critical ecological concerns. While preserving the tradition of fishing and farming, the proposal recommends technologies to produce organic food and potable water, generate green energy, clean the marshes’ water, treat the waste, and even cultivate fish. It is conceived to inspire the indigenous people to be engaged in restoring the deteriorated ecosystem of the marshes to accelerate the return of people and the natural habitats.
The envisioned reed-like structures offer a self-sustained system and a productive economic model for the community, independent politically and economically. Vertical slim structures that vanish towards the sky while barely touch the landscape are interconnected within floating islands. These islands are dispersed in the landscape forming a pattern akin to the existing islands of the marshes. The four structures (Living, Work, Water, Green) have a symbiotic relationship where the survival of one is reliant on the existence of the other.
Project’s team: Zayad Motlib, Raya Ani
Creating "Places for Seeing" was the primary objective behind the Greek creation of a "theatron" where they "danced and played in honour of Dionysus". The proposed design seeks to translate this idea into an architectural idiom resembling a sea wave stretching along the Kvaesthusbroen. As seen from the harbour, the building transforms itself into a big transparent stage composed by rigorous geometrical elements that's been orchestrated to form a new icon on Copenhagen harbor.
The form of the playhouse is composed using the narrative of a sea wave. Visible from the harbor, the big theatre seems as a whale tail diving into the Kvaesthusgraven, while the body of the building becomes the waves spreading from that point and vanishing towards the sea on the northern end of Kvaesthusbroen. On the southern end, a big curved, tilted wall is placed, symbolizing a dam protecting the city from that wave. Meanwhile its architectural function is to obscure the vision towards the service ramp of the basement level.
Project’s Team: Zayad Motlib, Ali Omran
An adaptable, light-weight, interactive tensegrity-based structure that integrates photovoltaic cells within its tensioned fabric. Photovoltaic solar panels, in the form of a thin-film, act as a portable solar charging cells that generates electricity to power the LED lights at night and to provide power points for the different uses in the pavilion. The design encourages users interaction to adjust its triangular panels to adapt to the different orientations in order to optimise sun exposure of the roof panels and the climatic conditions inside. Additionally, the light-weight structure folds down into a small package for easy transport and re-erection on another site.
The pavilion aspires to present a simple yet highly sophisticated form that engages the users in its formation, blurs the boundaries of inside outside, and generate renewable energy that can be converted to multiple uses. It aspires to create a playful structure suitable for a variety of uses within a public space.
Project’s team: Zayad Motlib, Marta Krivosheek
The organizational principles of the L-Systems were the inspirational source of the proposed concept of the Urban Seating. Using a combination of three basic units, an infinite umber of possibilities arise to reshape the urban space and to adapt to a variety of site conditions. Their formation at any moment is a result of people’s interaction with the space as each individual, or a group, can simply move any seating unit and join it with others to create a new pattern. This adaptive structure creates diverse urban spaces based on the engagement of the participants. The resulting spaces resemble an extension of a branching pattern of an L-System; an imprint of a shadowy effect of tree branches scattered in a given landscape. This blend between the shadow of tree branches and the seating pattern evokes a sense of unity between the natural and the man-made formations.
Project’s team: Zayad Motlib, Marta Krivosheek